However, many variant routes existed for getting the Latter-Day Saints to Fort Kearney. You spend an average of 12 hours/week (minimum) involved in Church activities. Mormon Overview. Mormon Trails. He led the Mormons to Utah in 1846-1847. Gravity. Some later companies used handcarts and traveled by foot. In US history, the Mormon Trail refers to the route taken by the members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints (more commonly known as Mormons) from Nauvoo, Illinois, to the Great Salt Lake in what is now known as the state of Utah. An American Exodus. This journey for the Mormon immigrants began in 1846 in Nauvoo, Illinois and ended in Salt Lake City, Utah. He believed they could cross Iowa and reach the Missouri River in approximately four to six weeks. The Mormon Trail Facts. The weather, general unpreparedness, and lack of experience in moving such a large group of people all contributed to the difficulties they endured. Under the leadership of Brigham Young, the first group of Mormons set out from Nauvoo, to an undetermined destination somewhere in the Great Basin. They were generally six to seven feet (183 to 213 cm) long, wide enough to span a narrow wagon track, and could be alternately pushed or pulled. Mormon Trail Facts: Mormon Handcart Family. They could carry about 500 pounds (227 kg), most of this weight consisting of trail provisions and a few personal possessions. It encompassed parts of five states, including Illinois, along the Missouri River in. The train contained 73 wagons, draft animals, and livestock, and carried enough supplies to provision the group for one year. The Mormon Pioneer National Historic Trail traces the route that Brigham Young and his followers took when relocating the headquarters for the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints’. The Mormon pioneer run began in 1846, when Young and his followers were driven from Nauvoo. The grueling Oregon Trail journey … The following are major points along the trail at which the early Mormon pioneers stopped, established temporary camps, or used as landmarks and meeting places. Test. The second half of the journey took the Saints through the area that later became Nebraska and Wyoming, before finishing their journey in the Salt Lake Valley in present-day Utah. May 24, 2018 - Explore Ray's board "Mormon Trail" on Pinterest. After leaving, they aimed to establish a new home for the church in the Great Basin and crossed Iowa. The total length of the Oregon Trail was over 2,000 miles. Led by Jason Lee, its members joined a party headed by New England merchant Nathaniel Wyeth. Under the leadership of Joseph Smith, Latter Day Saints established several communities throughout the United States between 1830 and 1844, most notably in Kirtland, Ohio; Independence, Missouri; and Nauvoo, Illinois. The story of the Mormon Trail is rooted in the beginnings of a unique American religion. KidsKonnect is a growing library of high-quality, printable worksheets for teachers and homeschoolers. The use of the Oregon-Mormon trail by the Mormons lasted from 1847 to 1869. It was the halfway point across the state of Iowa, and they made temporary camps that also sheltered later immigrants. But not every detail of the pioneers' trek west is widely known. Salt Lake City was laid out and designated as Church headquarters. Mormons in America – Certain in Their Beliefs, Uncertain of Their Place in Society, Pew Research Center. While at Fort Laramie, the vanguard company was joined by members of the Mormon Battalion, who had been excused due to illness and sent to winter in Pueblo, Colorado, and a group of Church members from Mississippi. MORMON TRAILMORMON TRAIL. • The trail crosses parts of five states: Illinois, Iowa, Nebraska, Wyoming and Utah. The Mormon Trail stretched for about 1,300 miles (2,100 kilometers). After the first Mormons started the original trek in 1846, it would be used for trade and transport for about 20 years before the construction of the First Transcontinental Railroad in 1869. Handcarts, two-wheeled carts that were pulled by emigrants instead of draft animals, were sometimes used as an alternate means of transportation from 1856 to 1860. Terms in this set (3) Salt Lake City. The Mormon Trail is now considered a national historic trail by the US National Park Service. To find out more, see our, The Mormon Trail Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com. The Mormon Trail extends from Nauvoo, Illinois, which was the principal settlement of the Latter Day Saints from 1839 to 1846, to Salt Lake City, Utah, which was settled by Brigham Young and his followers beginning in 1847. Later, the emigrants increasingly included converts from the British Isles and Europe. Flashcards. The Mormon Trail from Ft. Kearney to Salt Lake City generally remained the same throughout its use. Furthermore, few people carried adequate provisions for the trip. The main area of Mormons in the United States. Mormon Handcart Historic Sites Explore three places that have been made sacred by the faith and determination of Mormon pioneers, the charity of their rescuers, and God’s watchful care for all of them. A religiously motivated migration 2. STUDY. If you reference any of the content on this page on your own website, please use the code below to cite this page as the original source. Not ready to purchase a subscription? 1 Countless stories have been told and recorded of the trials and tribulations of the Mormon pioneers. The Mormon Trail was a two-way road 7. The company consisted of 143 men, including three black people and eight members of the Quorum of the Twelve, three women, and two children. Terms in this set (3) Salt Lake City. A new route on the north side of the Platte and North Platte rivers was chosen to avoid potential conflicts over grazing rights, water access, and campsites with travelers using the established Oregon Trail on the river's south side. Learn about the Mormon Trail at the California Trail Interpretive Center. Most people believe that the Mormons follow their founder Joseph Smith, but that is untrue. The journey through the trail route also took longer because of the elderly people and young children. In large part, the Mormon migration involved entire families. As the next conference gets underway this weekend, here are six facts about U.S. Mormons from Pew Research Center surveys: 1 The LDS church typically places very high importance on families and traditional gender roles. Into the Wilderness, 1846 Routes through California, 1846–1848 Route to the Great Salt Lake, 1847 The Trail in the 1850s From Wagon Roads to Railroads Brigham Young. Food supplies were soon exhausted. Under the leadership of Brigham Young, the first group of Mormons set out from Nauvoo, to an undetermined destination somewhere in the Great Basin. [3], Young now had to lead the Saints into the far west, without knowing exactly where to go or where they would end up. Santa Fe Trail Worksheets. The small sick detachment lagged behind the larger group, and a scouting division was created to move farther ahead on the designated route. The Quincy Convention of October 1845 passed resolutions demanding that the Latter-day Saints withdraw from Nauvoo by May 1846. Mormons traveling along the Mormon Trail commonly used wagons to transport their worldly goods. On July 27, Amasa M. Lyman, Sam Brannan, Rodney Badger, and Roswell Stevens arrived into the valley on horseback and probably made their own trail to the camp on City Creek. The Mormon Trail is the 1,300-mile (2,100 km) long route from Illinois to Utah that members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints traveled for 3 months. A work party was sent ahead to build a road through the mountains. On July 23, Pratt offered a prayer dedicating the land to the Lord. [2], As the senior apostle of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles after Joseph Smith's death, Brigham Young assumed responsibility of the leadership of the church. The trail was used for more than 20 years, until the completion of the First Transcontinental Railroad in 1869. Sign Me Up, Editing resources is available exclusively for KidsKonnect Premium members.To edit this worksheet, click the button below to signup (it only takes a minute) and you'll be brought right back to this page to start editing! During 1846 to 1869, the Mormons were in deep conflict with the Gentiles and the general public. The pioneers mostly traveled the Mormon trail by foot as they pushed handcarts or drove wagons pulled by a team of oxen to carry their meager possessions. In 1827, 21-year-old Joseph Smith announced that he had unearthed a set of golden plates, inscribed with the tenants of God’s true church. Today the Mormon Trail is a part of the United States National Trails System, as the Mormon Pioneer National Historic Trail. Hard work produced a prosperous community. An American Exodus. The year 1843 has become known as the Great Migration of 1843. It encompassed parts of five … Meanwhile, along the California Trail and Oregon Trail, Mormon travelers could cover around 15 miles per day. Brigham Young. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards. After 1860, the church began sending wagon companies east each spring, to return to Utah in the summer with the emigrating Latter-day Saints. Many attacks and robberies were carried out by these mountain travelers under the guise of Indians. The departure from Nauvoo began on February 4, 1846, under the leadership of Brigham Young. Migration of the Mormons to the west continued in organized companies along the Mormon Trail until 1869. A group of over 15,000 Mormons traveled west from Nauvoo, Illinois in hopes of ending up at the Great Basin beyond the Rocky Mountains. In all, the Mormon Trail stretched about 1,300 miles. The fist Mormon pioneers to arrive in the Salt Lake Valley were Orson Pratt … See more ideas about Mormon pioneers, Mormon, Mormon trail. It did not take long, however, until the United States caught up with them, and in 1848, after the end of the war with Mexico, the land in which they settled became part of the United States. See the fact file below for more information on the Mormon Trail or alternatively, you can download our 20-page The Mormon Trail worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment. HISTORIC PERSPECTIVE 1. Inventors looked for ways to speed up the trip on the Oregon Trail. It also broke south along the western part of the Continental Divide and crisscrossed along other trails, such as the Oregon Trail or the California Trail, which other travellers preferred. Latter-day Saints were finally forced to abandon Nauvoo in 1846. In 1827, 21-year-old Joseph Smith announced that he had unearthed a set of golden plates, inscribed with the tenants of God’s true church. PLAY. Use of the Mormon Trail stopped in 1869 with the driving of the “golden spike” at Promontory Point, Utah, for the transcontinental railroad. The Mormon Trail is the trail that was traveled by nearly 70,000 members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (or Mormon Church) between the years of 1846 and 1869. In March, 2010, the 100 millionth copy of the Book of Mormon was printed. The story of the Mormon Trail is rooted in the beginnings of a unique American religion. They were seen as a faster, easier, and cheaper way to bring European converts to Salt Lake City. The Mormon Trail was traveled by the Mormon Pioneers between 1845 and 1870. 3. At this point, the now larger company took the established Oregon Trail toward the trading post at Fort Bridger. With their belief in their faith being their primary motivation, this original group of Mormons grew to an estimated 2,000 trekkers in the first year of the trek. This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about the Mormon Trail across 20 in-depth pages. 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