The loss of a considerable proportion of natural peatlands over the past century is a tragedy, but may at least be seen in some historical context. Basically, there are two forms of the sphagnum moss when sold commercially, long-fibered moss and milled moss. Sphagnum peatlands take thousands of years to accumulate and, not least amongst a swathe of important environmental functions, act as a massive global carbon store. Bogs are made by plants, and as the name suggests, lowland raised bogs form in low-lying areas where water accumulates in a hollow in the underlying landform. The water ferns of the genus Azolla harbor nitrogen-fixing cyanobacteria and restore this important nutrient to aquatic habitats. Peat moss also comes from sphagnum bogs. Rhododendron seed should germinate in 14 to 30 days. The nepenthes in the sphagnum pot were substantially larger and had huge leaf jumps while the one without the top dress still did good but not as great. The harvesting, processing, and sale of Sphagnum peat is a multimillion-dollar industry. Sphagnum moss has unique properties that satisfy some of the orchid needs. The typical CEC values of soil and various media components are listed in Figure 1 below. It does not get saturated with more than one inch when watering. However, Sphagnum moss has a long history of diverse uses and is certainly the moss of greatest importance to humans. Sphagnum moss can be used in hanging planter baskets for flowers. Sphagnum is the only genus in the class Sphagnopsida and includes 36 Bryophyta species in Belarus. Sphagnum is one of the most important plant genera in the world. I planted a few unknown nepenthes hybrids in two pots with the same soil (Peat:Perlite, 50:50) and top dressed one pot with live sphagnum moss. Ecological importance: The liverworts, mosses and lichens are supposed to be the pioneers in establishing vegetation where other vegetation seems to be practically impossible. Peat piles below the surface and may be many metres deep. Peat accumulates in response to the very slow rate at which plant material decomposes under conditions of waterlogging (JNCC, 2008). This is a process that happens in nature but you can also create your own peat moss to use in the garden. Sphagnum peat moss is a valuable, well-known, natural, organic resource that is predominately harvested for use as a soil conditioner or amendment by farmers, landscapers and gardeners. dressing absorbing up to 2 lb. Derived from the sphagnum species of mosses, it acts as a sponge to hold more moisture. If the sphagnum is packed too tightly, it will shed water faster. Its reaction to the soil is to continue to decompose, and if used with heavy soil it can loosen it up to aerate the roots of plants. Sphagnum peat moss is generally most available at the beginning of the … Bryophyte - Bryophyte - Importance to humans and ecology: The peat moss genus Sphagnum is an economically important bryophyte. Peat bogs are seen by some scientists to be as important and fragile as rainforests, and that’s where the concern lies about the use of peat moss by gardeners. Peat mosses are the most important economically as they were, and still are, an important source of fuel in some countries. Prepared Sphagnum can absorb more than twice as much moisture as cotton, a 2-OZ. It is one of the best examples of a lowland raised bog habitat anywhere in the UK. Moss, (division Bryophyta), any of at least 12,000 species of small nonvascular spore-bearing land plants. Moss is an important layer in terrarium making as it acts as a buffer layer between pebbles and soil. Peat companies are destroying these fragile, unique and valuable bog ecosystems by removing the peat. 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