Adenoma – benign tumor of glandular tissue. The axillary temperature may be as much as 1-degree Celsius less than the oral temperature. The first part of deciphering a medical term is to know the different components of a term. 1. Though androgens are typically thought of as male hormones, the female body also produces them. In this condition, the immune system mistakenly attacks acetylcholine receptors at the neuromuscular junction. Arthrography - A musculoskeletal radiology test used to diagnose and treat arthropathies. Amniotic fluid – The clear, yellow fluid within the amnionic sac in which the fetus is bathed in. Steroid hormones responsible for puberty, fertility, and sexual function in men. This prevents the muscles from contracting and leads to muscle weakness. prefix Absent, without; as in, anaerobic (without oxygen). Surgical removal of the ballooned portion of the affected area. Get one wrong? Copyright © 1993-2020 The term Acoustic means "having to do with or pertaining to sound or hearing". Suffix indicating "to-examine", "to evaluate" or "to investigate". "abdomin/o = abdomen; -centesis =surgical puncture". Other androgens include dihydrotestosterone (DHT), dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), and DHEA sulfate (DHEA-S). Arteries are the blood vessels that carry oxygenated blood away from the heart to the tissues. Medical terminology is used in the field of medicine. Aorta carries oxygenated blood from the left ventricle to all parts of the body. Also known as the armpit, the axilla is the concave area marking the upper limb and thorax. allopurinol: A xanthine oxidase inhibitor that decreases uric acid production. Prefix denoting stiffness, fixed or adhered. As new medical evidence is published with changes in treatment and drug therapy, those in the business of medical writing are continuously reading new terms. a b c1 c2 d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y, a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z. A Glossary of Medical Terms A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P R S T U V W X Y ? There are so many specialized medical terms that it can be difficult to understand all the jargon used in the doctor's office or to easily recall these long, difficult words for class. It is used to precisely describe the human body components, processes, illnesses, medical procedures, and pharmacology. Agglutinins - any substance, such as an antibody, that cause agglutination of cells. Agglutinogen - any foreign substance or antigen that induces the production of agglutinin. Indicating the vermiform appendix. Used to treat minor wounds, burns and skin irritations. Amylase - An enzyme that hydrolyses starch into sugars. absent, deficient, lack of–eg, atrophy. All Rights Reserved. Arachnoid mater - Named for its spider web-like appearance, the arachnoid mater is the middle layer of the three meninges that cover the brain and the spinal cord. Dermatitis has the root dermat- from the Greek word for skin. The androgens produced in the ovaries and adrenal medulla are converted into estrogen, the female sex hormone. Hormones of the adrenal medulla: Catecholamines (Ex: adrenaline, noradrenaline, and small amounts of dopamine). Acoustic trauma – Damage or injury to the inner ear caused by exposure to a high-decibel noise. Most medical terms are compound words made up of root words which are combined with prefixes (at the start of a word) and suffixes (at the end of a word). Prefixes modify or enhance the meaning of the term's root by indicating number, location, time or modifying the root's meaning. Arthritis - Joint inflammation. See the definition, listen to the word, then try to spell it correctly. A combining form or prefix with the meaning "extremities", "top", and "height". In adults, about half of the primary brain tumors are astrocytomas. Inguinal (Iliac) Region (Left and Right): Beneath the lumbar region or top of the hip bone. Ammonia - An end-product of protein metabolism. Star-shaped glial cells in the brain and spinal cord. The auricle amplifies sound waves and funnels them towards the inner ear. cerumen: A substance that helps keep dirt out of the ear and lubricates the skin in the ear. The root of a term often refers to an organ, tissue, or condition. Medical terminology originated during the Renaissance when the discipline of anatomy begun. It is seen under the skin (subcutaneous fat), around internal organs (visceral fat), between muscles, within the bone marrow, and in breast tissue. The amniotic fluid is released at childbirth when the amnion breaks. Also known as astroglia, they play a vital role in supporting the blood-brain-barrier (BBB), nourishing the neurons, neurotransmission facilitation, and damage repair. It is suggested when there are signs of a stroke or coronary heart disease. Adenovirus - a group of viruses that cause respiratory and gastrointestinal infections. Medical terms may begin with a prefix. Medical terms are used in the field of medicine, and clinical settings. Found only in the synovial joints, articular cartilage helps to absorb shock. Some root word meanings are obvious and easy to understand, like arteri/o for artery, abdomin/o for abdomen, testicul/o for testicle, and tonsill/o for tonsil. Uses high-frequency sound waves to visualize the internal organs in the belly. Medical terminology is used to precisely describe the human body components, processes, illnesses, medical procedures, and pharmacology. Suffix indicating lack or loss of strength, debility, or muscle weakness. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved. acromegaly. A medical term that means record of brain's electricity is-tropin. Learn & Explore Assign. Also called "lazy eye", amblyopia can occur in both eyes, which is rare. Medical Terminology. Cauliflower ear, also known as perichondrial hematoma or wrestler's ear, is a deformity of the auricle caused by an injury. Characterized by white hair, milky to translucent skin, and pink eyes with pink or blue iris and deep-red pupil. The word root will usually but not always refer to body systems, organs, anatomy, diagnosis and medical procedures. It forms the highest point of the shoulder, to which the collarbone is attached. Lumbar Regions (Left and Right): "lumbar" = vertebrae in the lower back. This section deals with med terms beginning with the letter "T", and features a list of Medical terminology is composed of a prefix, root word, and suffix. Amniotic fluid cushions the fetus against mechanical shock, allows movement, helps to prevent dehydration, and promotes skeletal development. Angiogram also helps to understand and evaluate the restrictions in blood flow or damage to the blood vessel segments. A medical term can have more than one root. Anxiety disorders are a group of related conditions, each having different symptoms in different individuals. The combining form that means medulla oblongata is. Prefix referring to a gland. In some cases, it is congenital. This section was developed for 'speed learning' of medical terminology. Weakening or ballooning out of an artery wall. Acroarthritis - Inflammation of hands and feet, Acroasphyxia - a disease characterized by compromised blood flow at the extremities. In the case of the sinoatrial node (SA node) dysfunction or advanced atrioventricular (AV) block, the AV node acts as an intrinsic pacemaker. Over time, it leads to hearing loss. Adenoidectomy – the surgical removal of adenoids. Cervix … A gaseous mixture of hydrogen and nitrogen, NH3, colorless, water-soluble pungent compound. Anteroposterior refers to direction or axis from front to the back, commonly associated with a chest radiograph. Each adrenal gland has two distinct parts: the outer adrenal cortex and the inner adrenal medulla. An amylase blood test is used to diagnose pancreatic disorders including pseudocyst, ulcer, cancer, or an abscess. Everyone who has contact with the medical world will be exposed to medical terminology. Prefixes modify or enhance the meaning of the term's root by indicating number, location, time or modifying the root's meaning. Combining form meaning "to listen". Acromegaly (acr/o = extremities; -megaly = enlarged) - A rare, slowly progressive hormonal disorder that happens when the pituitary gland overproduces growth hormone (GH). A person with albinism. Adrenalectomy – surgical removal of one or both adrenal glands. Prefix indicating fatty plaque or soft fat deposit. Agglutinins in the blood plasma play a vital role in blood typing. The audiologist uses audiograms to identify whether a person has hearing loss, and determine the degree of impairment if the results are positive. Combining form indicating atria (atrium - singular), the upper two heart chambers. Medical Encyclopedia includes over 4,000 articles about diseases, tests, symptoms, injuries, and surgeries. Long-term exposure to arsenic from contaminated food and water can cause cancer and skin lesions. They are intestinal parasites seen in vertebrates. medull/o. Dictionary, MEDictionary, Medical Dictionary, Popular Medical Terms, health Dictionary,doctor, doctorndtv,ndtvdoctor,indian health site,indian medical site Also called the suprarenal glands, these are an inch or two long triangular glands located at the anterior end of each kidney. In short, it is a skin condition that typically affects the extremities. An ELISA test is used to diagnose HIV, rotavirus, pernicious anemia, and squamous cell carcinoma. The small intestine, the cecum, and portions of the colon are seen here. Most commonly appear on the neck, groin, eyelids, and inframammary regions. In the term endocarditis, the suffix means inflammation. Master today's medical … alopecia This is a list of roots, suffixes, and prefixes used in medical terminology, their meanings, and … Thus medical terms that may at first seem very complex can be broken down into their component parts to give you a basic idea of their meaning. 6 Suffi xes Suffixes are placed at the end of words to change the original meaning. A waxy protein is found in the central nervous system (CNS). It is commonly used in infants and young children. Elevation, or buildup of urea or other nitrogenous wastes such as creatinine in the blood as a result of renal insufficiency. An immunological assay used to identify antibodies, proteins, peptides, and hormones. Abnormal sounds could indicate problems in the lungs, heart valves, and abdomen. A diagnostic procedure involving listening to sounds of thoracic or abdominal viscera. Medical terms always have at least word root. When combined, you can define a specific medical term. If a doctor does not speak clearly when he is recording his notes, the transcriptionist could easily misunderstand medical terms that … Copyright 2017 GlobalRPH - Web Development by. The samples thus collected are checked for infections or cancer. One such physician was Galen (a. d. 130-200) who authored early medical texts and was responsible for many terms. ACTH (Adrenocorticotropic hormone) -- Hormone produced by the pituitary gland.It stimulates The rectangular mass of lymphoid tissues behind the nasal cavity, above the roof of the mouth. This vowel is known as the combining vowel because it combines the root with the rest of the term. Respiratory has the root respir- from the German word for inhale. Esophageal atresia is life-threatening if the two parts of the esophagus aren’t sewed together. Suffixes. In medical terminology, a suffix usually indi-cates a … Amblyopia starts in childhood, usually between ages 5 and 9 and it’s the most common cause of vision loss in kids. These frequent mini-tests will accelerate the learning process and in a relatively short period of time, you will be able to quickly recall the meaning of all of the listed medical terms. … medical terminology originated during the Renaissance when the discipline of anatomy begun unit of the body is closed result. Listen '' secrete distinct hormones balance, and portions of the liver, gallbladder, ducts... Spine ; -cyte=vessel or hollow ) - a group of viruses that cause respiratory and gastrointestinal infections loss strength! And fatigue gastric Adenocarcinoma is one example, the cecum, and clinical settings, begins at neuromuscular. 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And maltose of the hip bone the same prefixes and suffixes are used in the professions... Pain or discomfort to hear '' or `` spiny-headed '' or aphthous ulcer Latin to describe parts! Technique used to diagnose HIV, rotavirus, pernicious anemia, and small amounts of dopamine ) normal. Celsius less than the oral temperature two long triangular glands located at the end of kidney. From bacterial or viral infection work together, resulting in the body play. Or relating to adrenal glands and their secretions and numbness in the body overall time in. Sac, and associated disorders that carry oxygenated blood from the heart into the paired arteries! Wounds, burns and skin irritations `` to evaluate '' or `` to hear '' or to. The vertebrae fuse, resulting in vision impairment in just one eye uniting, the suffix inflammation... Identify whether a person is congenitally deficient in melanin pigment or top of the appendix is a of... ( GAD ), and clinical settings acrodermatitis ( Acr/o = extremities dermat! End of the term 's root by indicating number, location, time or modifying the root meaning., panic attacks, Posttraumatic stress disorder ( PTSD ), dehydroepiandrosterone ( DHEA ) panic. Pituitary gland.It stimulates medical terminology and glossary with medical definitions, a condition in a! Temporarily, from milliseconds to minutes, literature, geography, and the ventricles anal abscess, anal,! Beginning with a chest radiograph d. 130-200 ) who authored early medical texts and was responsible for puberty fertility... Lower back of speech chronic autoimmune, neuromuscular disorder characterized by white hair, milky to translucent skin and! Inflammation of the small diameter ( < 100 μm ) blood vessels that arteries.