Read more about 'How to Prune & Train Fruit Trees'... Fruit Tree Pruning. “Why not in the winter along with the apples and pears?” I hear you ask. To ensure good results you also need the right tools! The picture below illustrates the three steps. The wall should be fitted with horizontal wires 15cm (6in) apart. If controlling tree size, it is best to prune in the winter. Dormant plum trees have no defenses against these pathogens. The cherry plum is a popular ornamental tree for garden and landscaping use, grown for its very early flowering. However, when you’re staring up at the overgrown gnarled branches of your once small and tidy Prunus cerasifera, you may find yourself wondering, should I cut back Myrobalan plum? Cherry plum is often grown as an ornamental tree for its early display of flowers or as a fruiting hedge. The tree tries to defend itself by exuding gum around the damaged area. There’s an old farmer’s adage which states, “stone fruit hate the knife.” In short, this means that stone fruit, like plums or cherries, do not handle pruning very well. When your tree is dug up from our fields to be shipped to you, the root ball loses many of its tiny feeder roots, which are needed to absorb moisture and nutrients. peach) to successfully bear ripe fruit. The main reason for pruning is to maintain a strong branch structure, as plums often grow long thin branches, which are weak and can break under the weight of fruit. But to do so would only be giving you a small amount of information that will have you coming back to ask more…. Proper pruning removes dead, dying, damaged and diseased growth, the ‘four Ds’, as well as unreachable growth. Justin Calverley from Sensory Gardens shows his technique for winter pruning of plum trees. When trimming a cherry plum, remove any suckers growing from the rootstock. Is it possible to prune it severely to a manageable size so l can net it without killing it? Cherry belongs to the Prunus group of trees and there are various fruit bearing species across Europe including Prunus cerasifera (cherry plum), Prunus cerasus (sour cherry, also known as ‘Morello’ or ‘acid’ cherry), Prunus avium (sweet cherry), Prunus subhirtella (weeping cherry) and Prunus padus (bird cherry). In addition, keeping fruit trees well pruned protects against both disease and pest infestations. This means a good quality tree, on the right rootstock for the planting position … fail to get this right and no matter how good your pruning is, your hard work (and money) will return little reward. Apple trees are among the easiest, and most forgiving, trees to prune, but plums are just as easy. By pruning them during this summer period, you can take advantage of two things: firstly, the tree is actively growing (making it better able to combat any infection); secondly, the pathogens (diseases) are less virulent at this time (making infection less likely). The primary reason for trimming cherry trees is to ensure the most optimal access to sunlight. Experts recommend pruning young Myrobalan cherry plum trees in early spring and mature trees in late spring to early summer. Developing a strong foundation is essential to the life of any fruit tree. Weeping cherry trees can grow to a height of 30 feet (9.2 meters), and you may want to limit the height by pruning. Stone fruits are of the genus Prunus. It is far too big to net, & the various bird-scarers I have tried do not work for long. Pruning Cherry trees. Plum trees do not require as precise pruning as apples and pears, but still benefit from initial training and the thinning of old wood to ensure they produce as much fruit as possible. Unpruned, a tree often makes lanky, spindly growth which can … Required fields are marked *. Because the infection is under the bark, no spray will control the canker. Ultimately, pruning Myrobalan plum trees in winter can cause death to the tree. If you cut the branches when it is still enjoying the warm weather, you avoid the cherry tree suffering from various diseases that attack during the mid-summer. Purple-leaf plum trees are easy to grow spring flowering trees, valuable for their purplish pink flowers that contrast with the dark bark of the branches. Plums are a diverse group of species. It is true to say that open grown cherries and plums generally require very little pruning especially when compared to the apples and pears. PLUMS, GAGES, DAMSONS CHERRY PLUMS PRUNING & TRAINING OF PYRAMIDS A pyramid plum on St. Julien ‘A’ rootstock will grow to 2.4-2.7m (8-9ft) and should be spaced 3-3.6m (10-12ft) apart. Plum trees are deciduous, flowering trees.They can be grown in soil of average fertility and moisture levels. Pamela. When doing hard, rejuvenation pruning, cut full branches back to their base. If large old trees require a ‘renovation prune’, it may be best to call in a skilled tree surgeon to carry out the task. Prune your purple leaf plum annually to encourage the growth of new flowering wood. As a group they are particularly susceptible to Bacterial Canker and Silver Leaf disease (a fungal infection). See if any branches are above the height of 30 inches, and cut them flush to the main stem. Cherry, plum, and pear trees produce very upright growth. Share on Facebook; Share on Twitter; Share on Pinterest ; Share on Whatsapp; Share on Blogger; Email to a friend; Tags. pruning techniques for plum trees This section explains how to prune a branch, the same rules apply to plum trees and other fruit trees. PRUNING TECHNIQUES FOR PLUM TREES This section explains how to prune a branch, the same rules apply to plum trees and other fruit trees. Fruit trees can be trained into many different forms, but two forms dominate in home gardens: open center and central leader. In the UK, the best time to prune your plum tree is in mid June 2017, never in winter when they are dormant. However, this approach is all very well if the tree is in good shape and not too big. The reason is that pruning your plum tree when it is dormant will expose it to the risk of Silver Leaf disease and other fungal infections. Experts recommend pruning young Myrobalan cherry plum trees in early spring and mature trees in late spring to early summer. Because of this, you DO NO… Cherries and plums belong to the group of trees known as ‘stone fruits’ (they have a stone in the middle of the fruit, not pips, like an apple or pear). Pruning Fruit Trees Made Easy. I cover all aspects of fruit tree pruning. Learn how your comment data is processed. Their shrub-like/dwarf fruit tree stature makes harvesting and growing a cherry plum plant easy. Choose a period when there is no rain or fog in the forecast as heavy moisture in … The best time to prune a cherry or plum tree is late June – mid August. The purple leaf plum can reach a height of 25 feet and displays pink and white blossoms in the early spring. ), as the pruning regime is fairly complex until you have an established tree that only requires maintenance pruning. Young trees are regularly used as understocks (a root which another plant is grafted on to) for domestic plums. 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